sábado, 1 de enero de 2011

Tempo Rubato: Animacy Speeds Up Time in the Brain

Tempo Rubato: Animacy Speeds Up Time in the Brain

Mauro Carrozzo 1,2, Alessandro Moscatelli 2, Francesco Lacquaniti 2,3,4

1 Institute of Neuroscience, National Research Council, Rome, Italy,
2 Laboratory of Neuromotor Physiology, Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy,
3 Centre of Space BioMedicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy,
4 Department of Neuroscience, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy

How do we estimate time when watching an action? The idea that events are timed by a centralized clock has recently been called into question in favour of distributed, specialized mechanisms. Here we provide evidence for a critical specialization: animate and inanimate events are separately timed by humans.

Methodology/Principal Findings
In different experiments, observers were asked to intercept a moving target or to discriminate the duration of a stationary flash while viewing different scenes. Time estimates were systematically shorter in the sessions involving human characters moving in the scene than in those involving inanimate moving characters. Remarkably, the animate/inanimate context also affected randomly intermingled trials which always depicted the same still character.

The existence of distinct time bases for animate and inanimate events might be related to the partial segregation of the neural networks processing these two categories of objects, and could enhance our ability to predict critically timed actions.

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